The persian satrapy of armenia briefly cedes from the achaemenid empire but is brought under control by darius i 520 bce darius i of persia fights the scythians not very successfully. Video persian empire history culture timeline the persian empire was one of the first major empires in the ancient world meet major leaders and explore the history and culture of the persian empire in this lesson. The persian empire extended from mesopotamia to india and from the caspian sea to the persian gulf enveloping the present day countries of iraq iran and afghanistan they battled the romans and later the byzantines for control of current syria turkey palestine israel egypt and arabia the capital of the persian empire was ctesiphon . The ancient persian empire was a civilization of indo european origin of the indo iranian branch that ended up merging with the people that they conquered in the achaemenid periodit originated as a group of nomadic tribes whose original location was north of the iranian plateau around 1400 bc some of these tribes ancestors of the historical persians moved to the south of iran
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